Interpreting vs Translation

NZSL interpreting and NZSL translation are different.

NZSL interpreters relay information in real-time and interpreting is essential for time-critical situations such as emergencies and public-speaking events. Because the information is relayed live in real-time, the NZSL interpreter needs to quickly think of the best way to present the information spoken a few seconds ago whilst also processing what the speaker is currently saying. Very occasionally information may be misinterpreted that can later be rectified by the interpreter. NZSL interpreting allows the Deaf Community to have access to live information at the same time as their hearing peers.

NZSL translation deals with “frozen text”, that is information that is written or recorded on video and is not live. . The written/recorded content is able to be more carefully analysed to consider the best ways to present the content. The NZSL translated product may include additional accessibility features such as on-screen graphics/pictures, closed-captions and voice-over. Translated information is usually presented in a studio setting allowing a comfortable pace.


Translating your written/recorded content into NZSL initially requires consultation and advice. Deaf Aotearoa is the government-recognised, national Disabled Persons Organisation (DPO) with a mandate to represent the interests of the New Zealand Deaf Community..

We provide advice on how best to make your information accessible to the Deaf community. We consider the content of your information; any contextual information on that content available in NZSL; the life experiences and diversity of the Deaf community; and any changes to the information format required when translating written information into video format in NZSL – a few pages of written English can translate into a lengthy NZSL video that few would watch and it may not render the information “accessible”.

At Deaf Aotearoa, we have a NZSL Translation team that includes Deaf staff all over New Zealand, meeting with the Deaf Community and communicating in NZSL every day. We have an intimate and in-depth understanding of the needs of our diverse Deaf Community and provide advice on how best to make your information accessible to the widest possible audience of Deaf people.

If you have information you wish to have translated into NZSL please contact our NZSL Translation team for advice and a discussion.

If you are a government agency we recommend coming to us via the All-of-Government Alternate Formats processes coordinated by the Ministry of Social Development at

Our recent NZSL Translations

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